GLOSSARY

Bust through recording jargon.

Working out what some of these recording terms mean can give you a headache, so I've created this simple guide to help you understand what everything means.

Take


A "take" is version of the recording. So, if I record your song once, that's one "take". Twice is two "takes". Some people also may refer to this as a "pass" or "run through".




Multi-track Stems


"Multi-track Stems", sometimes just refered to as stems or multi-tracks, are the individual audio files created, for one song, by each microphone on the drum kit. So, if I use 12 microphones on a drum kit for your song, you will get 12 individual "multi-tracks". Technically, the term "stems" should refer to a group of multi-tracks. If you were asking me for stems of a whole song, I would send you the drums as a whole file, the bass as whole file, the guitars as a whole file and so on. If you asked me for the multi-tracks, I would send you the individual drum mics, the individual bass mics, the individual guitar mics all as seperate files. However, the term has become interchangable over the years and most audio engineers will know what you mean!




Revisions


"Revisions", or re-takes, are where you would ask me to make changes to what has been recorded. Revisions are only included in the Premium+ Package.




24bit 44.1kHz or 48kHz


All these numbers refer to the quality of the recorded audio. You will hear people talking about "industry standards" and reeling off some insanely high numbers when mentioning sample rate... ...but almost everything you listen to online is 16bit 44.1kHz, which is the same quality as a CD. Of course, the higher the quality to start with the better it will be once it's on iTunes as a really small mp3, but 24bit 44.1kHz or 48kHz is plenty. I don't think I easily explain the differences on just this page, so here is a link to an excellent, simple article by iZotope: https://www.izotope.com/en/learn/digital-audio-basics-sample-rate-and-bit-depth.html




Dry vs Wet Stems


"Dry" stems refers to recorded audio that has had no processing applied. Processing usually means things like EQ (equalisation of the freqencies in the audio), compression, limiting, reverbs, and other effects. Receiving "dry" stems means that you, or your mixing engineer, can apply all the processing when mixing so you can shape the sound later. "Wet" stems refers to recorded audio that has had processing applied. This will result in, more or less, the final sound of the stems where compression and reverb have been applied before send your stems. Most mixing engineer and producers prefer "dry" stems to work with.